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Methanotrophic community structure and activity under warming and grazing of alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau
作者: Y. Zheng, W. Yang, X. Sun, S. P. Wang, Y. C. Rui, C. Y. Luo and L. D. Guo
期刊名称: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
发表年度: 2012
卷: 93
期: 5
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页码: 2193-2203
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全文链接: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1759-6831.2011.00114.x
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摘要: Knowledge about methanotrophs and their activities is important to understand the microbial mediation of the greenhouse gas CH4 under climate change and human activities in terrestrial ecosystems. The effects of simulated warming and sheep grazing on methanotrophic abundance, community composition, and activity were studied in an alpine meadow soil on the Tibetan Plateau. There was high abundance of methanotrophs (1.2-3.4 x 10(8) pmoA gene copies per gram of dry weight soil) assessed by real-time PCR, and warming significantly increased the abundance regardless of grazing. A total of 64 methanotrophic operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were obtained from 1,439 clone sequences, of these OTUs; 63 OTUs (98.4%) belonged to type I methanotrophs, and only one OTU was Methylocystis of type II methanotrophs. The methanotroph community composition and diversity were not apparently affected by the treatments. Warming and grazing significantly enhanced the potential CH4 oxidation activity. There were significantly negative correlations between methanotrophic abundance and soil moisture and between methanotrophic abundance and NH4-N content. The study suggests that type I methanotrophs, as the dominance, may play a key role in CH4 oxidation, and the alpine meadow has great potential to consume more CH4 under future warmer and grazing conditions on the Tibetan Plateau.
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