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Magnetostratigraphy of the Suerkuli Basin indicates Pliocene (3.2 Ma) activity of the middle Altyn Tagh Fault, northern Tibetan Plateau
作者: H. Chang, H. Ao, Z. S. An, X. M. Fang, Y. G. Song and X. K. Qiang
期刊名称: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences
发表年度: 2012
卷: 44
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页码: 169-175
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全文链接: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11629-010-1053-z
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摘要: The left-lateral strike-slip Altyn Tagh Fault (ATF) forming the northern boundary of the Tibetan Plateau accommodates parts of the overall convergence between the colliding Indian and Eurasian plates. Precise dating of the ATF activity is essential for understanding possible mechanisms of Tibetan Plateau deformation and uplift. Here we report a magnetostratigraphic study of the Suerkuli Basin deposits recording depositional changes during the ATF activity. Field investigations reveal a remarkable and widespread change in depositional environment in the Suerkuli Basin, i.e. a transformation from low-energy lacustrine deposits (grayish-green mud-siltstone and brown mud-siltstone) into high-energy alluviul fan deposits (poorly sorted gray pebble and cobble conglomerates). Detailed magnetostratigraphy of the 390-m-thick Daban section, at the southeastern margin of the Suerkuli Basin (38 degrees 43.09'N, 90 degrees 58.84'E), shows that this change in depositional facies occurred at similar to 3.2 Ma, accompanied by a remarkable increase in sediment accumulation rate. We attribute this depositional change to the Piocene tectonic activity of the middle ATF although the contribution of the Pliocene global climate deterioration cannot be excluded. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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