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Major ionic composition of precipitation in the Nam Co region, Central Tibetan Plateau
作者: Li, C., et al.
期刊名称: Atmospheric Research
发表年度: 2007
卷: 85
期: 3-4
联系作者:
页码: 351-360
摘要: A total of 48 precipitation samples have been collected from individual precipitation events at the Nam Co Monitoring and Research Station for Multisphere Interactions (Nam Co Station, 30 degrees 47'N, 90 degrees 58'E; 4730 m a.s.l) located in the central Tibetan Plateau from August 2005 to August 2006. All samples were analyzed for major cations (NH4+, Na+, K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+) and anions (Cl-, NO3- and SO42- conductivity and pH. Precipitation pH values ranged from 6.03 to 7.38 with an average value of 6.59. The high PH is due to large inputs of crustal aerosols in the atmosphere, which contain a large fraction of carbonate. Ca2+ is the dominant cation in precipitation with an average value of 65.58 mu eq L-1 (4.91-301.41 mu eq L-1), accounting for 54% of the total cations in precipitation. HCO3- is the predominant anion, accounting for 62% of the total anions. When compared with data from a snow pit in the Zhadang Glacier 50 km away (5800 in a.s.l), major ion concentration in precipitation at the Nam Co Station is much higher due to local aerosol inputs. Correlation and empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis indicate that regional crustal aerosols and species from combustion emissions of residents are the major sources for these ions, lake salt aerosols from the Nam Co nearby and regional mineral aerosols from dry lake sediments are secondary sources, and sea salt contribution is the least due to the long distance transport. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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